Point Loma is a seaside community within the city of San Diego, California — known for its naval base, tide pools, and Cabrillo National Monument. Geographically it is situated on a hilly peninsula that is bordered on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, the east by the San Diego Bay and Old Town, and the north by the San Diego River. Together with the Silver Strand Coronado peninsula, the Point Loma peninsula defines San Diego Bay and separates the community from the Pacific Ocean.
The term “Point Loma” is used to describe both the neighborhood and the peninsula — evident in aerial images. Point Loma is a small community with an estimated population of 47,981 (including Ocean Beach), according to the 2010 Census.
Point Loma has historic importance as the landing place of the first European expedition to come ashore in present-day California. The peninsula is described as “where California began.” Today Point Loma is home to two major military bases, a national cemetery, Cabrillo National Monument, Point Loma Nazarene University, and a plethora of residential and commercial areas.
Perhaps the best known landmark is the Old Point Loma lighthouse, perched atop the southern point that creates the entrance of the bay with Coronado. The small, two story lighthouse was completed in 1854 and first lit on November 15, 1855. Today it is no longer in use but serves as a museum for local San Diego residents and tourists alike. It is located with the Cabrillo National Monument, named after Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, the first European explorer to see San Diego Bay.